Real Estate

What is Civil Engineering?

August 4, 2022
importance of land surveying

Civil engineering is the field in which civil engineers design and help in the construction of public infrastructure projects like airports, highways and dams. This was once a part of military engineering, and was recognized as a separate field in the 18th century.

Throughout history, engineers have helped in the construction of both public and military infrastructure. Many examples, like the Roman public baths, bridges and cathedrals still remain to this day.

Functions of Civil Engineering

Usually, civil engineers divide their duties into three distinct parts. Some of the work is done before the construction, some of it during construction, and the rest after the construction of the project under question.

Here are a few steps included in the routine work of civil engineers.

  • Feasibility studies
  • Site investigations
  • Design
  • Construction
  • Maintenance
  • Research

This was a brief list of the responsibilities of a civil engineer in every project they undertake.

Civil Engineering Branches

There are a few types of civil engineering, each one of which include a specific sector of work.

For example:

  • Construction
  • Transportation
  • Hydraulic and Maritime
  • Power
  • Public Health

These were some of the most well-known branches of civil engineering. If you are looking to become a civil engineer, you must choose one of these branches according to your priorities and academic goals.


As we already mentioned, civil engineering emerged as a separate discipline in the 18th century in France. French Engineers write books on standard principles which later became the standard work on civil engineering. Those books were even translated into English in order to train British engineers.

Today, there are lots of schools for civil engineering in Fresno. It is a lucrative field, and you can try your luck in it if you live completing big infrastructure projects run by the government.

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